Amitabha Buddha

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Amitabha Buddha
 
Style/Origin  :  Japanese art, Kamakura period, ca. 12-14th century
Material  :  Wood with gilt lacquer
Size  :  Height 109.5 cm.
Provenance  :  Thanaka Bunya Tato 38, a Japanese monk and ecclesiastical diplomat, visited Thailand to receive a relic of the Buddha.  In return, he presented King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) with this sculpture as a gift in 1903.
 
       The sculpture of Amitabha Buddha is standing on a lotus base pedestal.  The rays of light emanating from the Buddha’s head are a halo.  The right hand is the Vitarka Mudra position.  A circle is made with the index finger and the thumb to symbolize the wheel of law (Dharmachakra).  The left hand is in the Varada Mudra position (hand lowered with the palm facing outwards) which signifies bestowing a blessing or the giving of charity.
       This Buddha image was placed at Wat Benchamabophit.  Later it was selected by King Rama V as a model for making a cast to produce a metal Buddha image to place in the cloister at Wat Benchamabophit.